Unemployment in India
Unemployment is a serious problem of India. It is becoming more and more serious day by day. India has the population of about 1.20 billion. Many of the Indians are jobless. The problem of unemployment is rising fast. Every able bodied man and woman must get employment. If not, the problem of unemployment will create difficulties for the development of the country.
Many age-old businesses that are not able to cope-up with the changing demand and economic scenario are either closed down or heavy retrenchment takes place in them. When there is slump in business, many people find themselves without jobs.
Though a number of young men have been absorbed in the Information Technology businesses, a large number of youth people are still unemployed.
Check on population growth
First of all, we must check the fast rising population of India. We cannot create jobs for all if the rate of population growth is not slowed down.
Family Planning schemes should be made popular. People should be educated about the importance of a small family. This will help us solve the problem of unemployment.
Defective education system
The education system of our country should be made need-based. At present, every man and woman wants a job in offices. Our education makes a student bookish. Schools and colleges are like factories. They produce B.A.s, M.A.s and Ph.D.s. Even agriculture graduates want office jobs in town. So the education of our country should be job-oriented. It must make our students self-dependent.
Change in attitude needed
A change in the mental attitude of our boys and girls is necessary. As many of them are service-minded, they do not want to take risks. They do not like to start business or small-scale industries. They should not depend on the government for everything. It is not possible for any government to give jobs to all. A desire for doing something of one’s own may solve, to some extent, the problem of unemployment for both the educated and uneducated people.
Solution and Conclusion
In brief, we have to solve the problem of unemployment on a war footing. For this both long and short measures should be taken in India.
Population growth has to be checked.
Family planning should be made productive.
Each one should give financial help to the unemployed to set up some industries or start some business.
People should be encouraged to go for skill based education.
Government should promote the establishment of industries by Private sector.
Thus the problem of unemployment may be solved.