Militant Nationalism in India
The early twenty years of India national movement from 1885-1905 A.D. was moderate and it frustrated the Indians. So, militant nationalism developed in India. Traditional Hindu Philosophy helped the development of this nationalism. Balgangadhar Tilak of Maharashtra, Lala Lajpat
Rai of Punjab, Aurobindo Ghosh and Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal gave the leadership. They supported armed freedom struggle. There were many reasons for this development.
Political beggary of Indian National nationalism from (1885-1905 A.D.) frustrated Indians. In 1892 A.D. “Indian Council Act” was passed which made Indians more frustrated. Extremism developed within National nationalism in this time. The British exploited India to a great extent in this era. There was a huge drain of wealth and according to Bipin Chandra it impoverished the Indians. Indigenous cotton textile age of 1896 A.D. was anti-Indian and Indian traders faced a great loss due to this act.
‘Vande Mataram’ mantra from Anandamath and Krishnacharit of Bankim Chandra, Sartyartha Prakash and Vedabhassya of Dayananda greatly influenced the people. Vivekananda said “forget not, though art sacrificed for the sake of your motherland right from the beginning of your birth.
The Sepoy Mutiny, Indigo rebellion (1859-60) also made a deep impact. The middle class of India also became extremely agitated. They could not get promotions in the higher service. Many revolutionary leaders also emerged in this time. These entire phenomenons gave birth to militant nationalism. In this time the partition of Bengal by Curzon made India more excited.