Facts about Himachal Pradesh


Himachal Pradesh is a state in North India. Himachal Pradesh has abundance of perennial rivers which helps the state to supply electricity to the neighbouring states with the help of Hydro-electricity power plants. Moreover, the economy of this state is highly dependent on three sources. Those are:  Hydroelectric Power, Tourism and Agriculture. The facts of the State of Himachal Pradesh is given below:

Name: The word “Himachal Pradesh” comes from the Sanskrit word “Hima” which means “Snow”. And also the literal meaning of the State’s name is in the lap of Himalayas.


Existence:  Since 1950, Himachal Pradesh was a Union Territory. It became a autonomous state in the year 1971, by virtue of the State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1971.

Boundary: It is surrounded by Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Tibet Autonomous Region.

Population: As per Census 2011, the population of Himachal Pradesh is 6,856,509. Population wise, Himachal Pradesh holds 20th position.


Land Area:  The land area of Himachal Pradesh is 55,673 sq. km. Area wise, Himachal Pradesh holds 17th rank.

Language: Hindi and Punjabi are the official languages of Himachal Pradesh. Pahadi language is also heard from the people of Himachal Pradesh.

Literacy:  Its Literacy Ratio is 83.78%


City:  Its Capital City is Shimla. Shimla is also known as the Summer Capital of the Country. Shimla is also the largest city of Himachal Pradesh.

District: There are 12 districts in this state.

Climate: It is hot in the southern parts and cold in the northern parts.

Connectivity: It is connected well via airway, roadway and railway. It has 3 airports in Kulla, Kangra and Shimla.


Places of Interest: Himachal Pradesh Museum, Tarna Temple, Sanjauli, Chadwick falls etc are some of the interesting places to visit.

Best time: The Best time to visit this state are between April to October and December to January.
Please also read, Interesting Facts about India

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