Facts about Nagaland

The state of Nagaland lies in the far North-Eastern region of India. It is a small state with a population of around 1.98 million (2011 Census). It has pleasant climate, fertile soil and rich heritage.

Meaning: Naga means “Hillmen”. Thus, Nagaland is a “land of the Hillmen”.

History: The Naga people had a systematic self government system since centuries. It was however brought under the British administration during their rule. After India got Independence, these tribal areas were brought under the control of Governor of Assam. Later, On December 1, 1963, Nagaland was given the status of a State of India Union.

Tribes: Nagaland is a fascinating state with more than 16 tribes and sub-tribes who have their own culture, tradition, language and dialects.

Boundary: It is surrounded by states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar and Manipur.

Languages: Official language is English. Assamese, Naga, and other Local dialects co-exist along with English language.

Literacy: Nagaland has high literacy ratio of over 80 percent.

Population: The population of Nagaland is around 1.9 million people. (2011 census)

Capital: Kohima is the capital of Nagaland while Dimapur is the largest city.

Smallest State: As per Census 2011, Nagaland is the smallest state in India.

Highest Peak: The highest peak along the mountainous region of Nagaland and Burma border is Mount Saramati. It acts as a natural barrier between Burma and Nagaland.

Climate: It has monsoon climate. The temperature remains down. The summer temperature ranges between 15 and 30 degree Celsius. The winter cold is severe but the temperature doesn’t generally fall below 4 degree Celsius.

Festivals: Christmas Festival, Sekrenyi Festival, Moatsu Festival, Hornbill Festival, etc.

Hornbill Festival: This festival was encouraged by the state government of Nagaland. The main aim is to preserve the rich cultural heritage of Nagaland. It also aims at inter-group interaction and assimilation.

Religion: Christianity is the religion of over 90% of the population. There are many large churches at Kohima and Dimapur. Besides Christianity, there is Hinduism and Islam.

Districts: There are 11 districts in Nagaland.

Road: The road network is well connected. It consists of Nation, state and district roads.

Airport: There is a airport in Dimapur city. The airport is well connected with all the major cities of India.

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