Brief Information on Natural Vegetation of India
In India there are extensive forests. In the foothills of the Himalayas, on the western slopes of the Western Ghats, on the Assam Hills, and in the Terai regions the rainfall is more than 200 cm. as a result of his heavy rainfall. Evergreen Forests are found there. Trees of various types grow there in large number and most of them yield very good timber. Among the trees, the most important are sal, teak, garjan, etc. The timber of these trees is used for the manufacture of furniture and other useful things. Bamboos and canes are also found there and they are generally used for making mats.
The rainfall in some areas in the foothills of the Western Himalayas, the Eastern Ghats, and the Vindhya region is between 100 cm. and 200 cm. These areas are covered by deciduous monsoon forests. Valuable trees like teak, sal, sandlwood, etc. grow in these areas in large number.
In the Himalayas all types of vegetation are found. Evergreen forests are found in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas because of heavy rainfall. Higher up, coniferous forests are found. In the coniferous forests, valuable trees like pine, fir, etc. grow in large number. In the western part of the Himalayas the rainfall is much less. There are deciduous forests at the foot but higher up coniferous trees grows in large number.
In the north-western part of India, the rainfall is so very poor that only thorny shrub grassland is found in that area.
In the coastal areas, Mangrove forests are found.
These forests are known as the Sundarbans in West Bengal. In the coastal lands and deltaic regions coconut palms are numerous.