Climatic Condition for Sugarcane
India is the largest sugarcane producing state in the world though her per-hectare production is lower than Cuba. Sugar cane is a product of the tropical or Sub-tropical countries and temperate lands. The climatic conditions for Sugarcane is mentioned below.
Temperature: The ideal temperature for the cultivation of sugarcane is 27°Celsius.
Rainfall: 100 cm to 175 cm rainfall is ideal for sugarcane production. In tropical and sub-tropical or regions sugarcane is grown abundantly due to the lengthening of the period of rainy season. Frost is injurious to sugarcane. It can be grown nicely on sea coast as salty wind is good for its fertility for the cultivation of the crop.
Soil: Loamy fertile soil mixed with salt and lime is good for sugarcane production.
Land: Plain land or gentle slope is ideal for sugarcane cultivation. Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane in India, followed by Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Also read: Sugarcane in India