Animal Population Shrunk By 60% in the Last 40 Years, States Report
It’s nonethless a fact that death is inevitable as it summons ‘change’ to be. The World Wildlife Federation (WWF) has claimed in its ongoing reports that about 60% animal population has been wiped out in these 44 years since 1970 to 2014 , based on an ongoing survey of more than 4000 species spread over 16,700 populations scattered across the globe, as an outcome of human activities and intervention in their life’s space.
In its ‘Living Planet’ report, WWF reports that 60% chordates as such fishes, birds, amphibians, reptiles, mammals etc have been subjected to death. It has added that unbridled consumption has decimated global wildlife, triggered a mass extinction and exhausted earths capacity to accommodate humanity’s expanding appetites.
The organisation is on check of probable solutions to minimise the declining animal population as it seems to be necessary. It estimates that the situation is worse and is about to worsen but the organisation is contented that at the least it knows that what actually is happening around the globe. In the survey report of faunal population, it has added that there’s a decline of about 80% in these 44 years and that Latin America was leading as per the survey in case of loss of wildlife.
Meanwhile, it has statistically examined that the current rate of species loss is 100 to 1000 times than it was before. It is calculated that wild animals today account only 4% mammals on earth, with humans at 36% rate and livestock making up the rest 60%.
But to add onto it, “ Unlike population declines extinctions are irreversible and corals are already too late to add on to their population rate” says Dr. Piero Visconti. He shares his observations that marine heatwaves are causing a greater damage to half of the globe’s shallow reefs that habitats a major part of marine population. He suggests that even if humanity manages to cap global warming at 1.5 degree Celsius, which is obviously an impossible task, the coral mortality will likely to be 70–90% and may even rise if at all, no necessary actions are taken against the decline.
Wildlife populations as such tigers, manatees, grizzly bears, bluefin tuna and bald eagles are recovering successfully due to their conservation efforts and if those weren’t carried out and utmost implemented, life would have been much more worse. It is essential to grant penalties against the onslaught of hunting, poaching, shrinking habitat, pollution, illegal trade and climate change due to human activities. Perhaps, more of energy, timber, water, fish, food,fertiliser, pesticides, minerals etc are being used and the population increase is rising since 1950, which is called as the ‘gold spike of anthropocene’.
‘The Paris climate treaty’ that comprised of 195 nations put forth two new key points, I) climate change was dangerous for the economy and society and 2) threatened ecosystem services for drinking water, breathable air, heat absorbing oceans and forests soaking up CO2 are worth tens of trillions of dollars every year. It also set a clear target that global warming be held to well below 2C and 1.5C. In contrast to this, the parallel UN Convention on Biological diversity (CBD) is expecting its targets to be fulfilled by 2020.
For now, CBD is failing in its attempts but an upcoming meeting of the 195- nation body shall bring more new ideas in the respective purpose.